Port Campbell National Park is the world-famous 1,750 hectare park in Victoria, Australia. It is situated 190 km. south-west of Melbourne and 10 km. east of Warrnambool near Bay of Islands Coastal Park and Great Otway National Park. It was established and dedicated on May 5, 1964. Its main role is to protect limestone formations in coastline areas of nearby Great Ocean Road. The original park was 700 hectares but increased its size in 1981.
It is home to many ornithological fauna such as honeyeaters, swamp harriers, pelican, peregrine, southern emu, peregrine falcons, fairy wrens, egrets, black swans and ducks. There are also penguins, dotterels and terns which can be seen along the vast expanse of shoreline of the area. Animals like swamp antechinuse, echidna and brown bandicoot are also found in the park. Sea-animals include wandering albatrosses, Australasian gannets and shearwaters.
Despite being subjected to harsh weather conditions and sea-laden wind, plant species thrive healthily in grasslands of the park. Some of these plants are spider orchids and sun orchids. The terrains have correa, she-oaks, guinea-flowers, dogwoods, wholly tea-tree, messmate and paperbarks. Fragile and endangered plants such as bower spinach, daisies, beard-heath, cushion bush and coast-daisy bush are planted in protected zones.
Port Campbell- National Park features breathtaking attractions which include The Twelve Apostles, London Arch, Lord Ard Gorge, Gibson Steps and The Grotto.
The Twelve Apostles
Twelve Apostels a magnificent formation of golden cliffs and rock pillars. It is the main attraction of this natural park.
It was an archway with tunnel which was originally named London Bridge. It collapsed in 1990 and became two separated bridge without center. Visitors are advised to visit this area during afternoon to witness penguins returning home.
Lord Ard Gorge
It is named after Lord Ard ship which was found in the shores of Muttonbird Island on June 1, 1878. The ship was on its 3-month journey but unfortunately met mishaps killing 52 passengers and crew. Only two survived, Tom Pearce and Eva Carmichael. It was told that Pearce rescued Carmichael and called help from natives of the land by climbing on the gorge. Nowadays, the spectacular sight of cliffs and crashing waves of the sea can be seen from Lord Ard Gorge. The site is also home to a small museum and numbers of souvenir shops for tourists.
It is a staircase with 86 rungs. Visitors need to make 86 steps down this staircase to reach the area of 70-meter cliffline.
A geological formation which was developed when the receding cliff line met sinkholes of the limestone cliffs. The picturesque Grotto location brings calm and relaxation.
Port Campbell National Park is indeed a place to explore. The natural charm of the land together with Shipwreck Coast heritage makes it one of the most-loved places to visit in Australia.